How To Restart Ubuntu Using Command-Line and GNOME

You can restart your Ubuntu Machine using the reboot command in the command line. When you are using Linux machines like Ubuntu it is most likely you love to use a command line to perform such small tasks.

But this post is not about just a reboot command, we have many things to share that will be beneficial for our readers.

Why do you even need to restart your OS if it works well without performing such an operation?

There are many reasons to do so. Like When you update your operating system then it is a must to restart your machine so that it can function well.

When you install a software application into your machine you are required to restart it or even when you Uninstall Programs from Ubuntu you need to do so.

When you make any changes in the configuration of the system then you will have to restart or reboot your Ubuntu Machine.

So there are various reasons to restart or reboot the operating system.

What will you learn from this Post?

Restarting Ubuntu using GNOME interface.

You will learn how to restart the Ubuntu machine using the command line interface using different methods.

Also, you will learn about the shutdown command and useful options that are used with it.

How to Restart Ubuntu Operating System?

Before you learn how to restart Ubuntu using the command you need to know how to restart Ubuntu using GNOME.

If you are a new Ubuntu user then there is a chance that you don’t find a restart option in the menu options.

restart Ubuntu using Gnome

You can see there is a power off / Log Out section in the menu bar. But in the section there is Log Out, Switch User, Suspend and Power off option but no reboot or restart button.

How can an Ubuntu user restart his machine even using GNOME?

Well, it is so simple..

To restart or reboot your Ubuntu Machine click on the Power Off option. Once you do it, you will get an option to restart your Ubuntu Operating System.

Restart Ubuntu using Graphical User Interface

So, you will find a restart button when you click on the Power Off option in the menu bar.

Restart Ubuntu Using Reboot Command

If you don’t want to get into so much technical stuff then the reboot command is the simplest Ubuntu restart or reboot command for you.

It is very simple to run the reboot command to restart your machine.

$ reboot

if you face any problem then use the following command-

$ sudo reboot 

When you use “sudo” followed by the command then you will be asked for a password. Here, you will have to provide the root password in order to execute the command.

restart ubuntu

Using Shutdown Command

Most users know that the shutdown command is only used for turning your machine off. But that is not true, The shutdown command can also be used to reboot Ubuntu.

The shutdown command works on all the Linux distributions. The command halts the Linux Machine.

Here is the syntax for the shutdown command-

$ sudo shutdown -r

Here -r means to reboot the system

You can also schedule the restart using the following command.

$ sudo shutdown [option] time [message]

How to apply this command properly?

$ sudo shutdown -h +15 "Scheduled Maintenance"

You already know about sudo and shutdown but you will have to use -h and the time that may be a number of minutes preceded by a + (plus) sign.

  • -h means Halt the system
  • +15 is the time in minutes
  • Scheduled Maintenance is the message it will be in double quotation marks.

Useful Options That Can be Used With Shutdown command

  • -r for rebooting the system.
  • -h halt the system
  • -k for kidding: The command does not really perform the shutdown operation in actuality but broadcasts warning messages to users as if the system were going down.
  • – c the option is used for canceling the shutdown.

Restarting Ubuntu Server using systemctl command

There is various use of systemctl in Linux machine. The shutdown command is the symbolic link to systemctl in some Linux distributions.

The systemctl command can be used for shutting down your Ubuntu as well as rebooting and suspending the system.

systemctl for rebooting Ubuntu Server

$ sudo ststemctl reboot

Using the reboot command with systemctl you can reboot your Ubuntu Server.

systemctl for shutting down the Ubuntu Server

$ sudo systemctl poweroff

You can run poweroff command to shut down your machine.

systemctl for Suspending the System

$ sudo systemctl suspend

If you want to suspend the system and reuse it after a while then you can use suspend command with systemctl.

So you learned how to restart Ubuntu from the terminal using commands like reboot and shutdown but there is one more way to perform such action that is initi command to restart the ubuntu server.

Restart Ubuntu Using in init command

In Linux, there is so much use of the init command and It can also be used in Ubuntu to restart the server or machine.

The init is called the parent of all the processes. The command has 0 to 6 run levels. The different number between 0 to 6 is used for different operation.

So the question is which number do you need to use for restarting your system?

Well, It is 6.

$ sudo init 6

The init command is used with the number 6 to reboot Ubuntu.

What if you want to shut down your system?

In such a case you will have to use ‘0’ instead of ‘6’ for the shutdown.

Conclusion

In this tutorial post, we explained how to restart Ubuntu. We explained how to use the reboot command, shutdown command, systemctl command, and init command to reboot a Linux machine, especially a Ubuntu server or machine. You can use any of these methods as each method do the same operation. But rebooting the Linux system with the reboot command is the easiest way.

Also, we covered how to restart your Ubuntu machine using GNOME user interface.

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